Thailand’s city capital—Bangkok—had been placed
under a state of emergency from April to December of
the previous year (2010).
This drastic action was
done in response to the numerous political
demonstrations that beleaguered Thailand from March
to May of that year.
political demonstrations have turned into violent
riots, which resulted to hundreds of deaths and
thousands of injuries.
Casualties of the said riots included not just the
protesters of both parties, but also innocent people
like civilians, reporters and journalists.
The political and
civil unrest had become too aggressive and atrocious that
the Thailand government was forced to put Bangkok under a
state of emergency.
The inclusion of foreign nationals in the list of
casualties didn’t leave Thai Prime Minister Abhisit
Vejjajiva government much of a choice but to
undertake such action.
Minister made the announcement amidst violent
rallies and cries for his resignation by the
so-called “Red Shirt” movement last April 2010.
rally involved thousand supporters of the United
Front for Democracy Against Dictatorship (UDD), who
marched and broke into the parliament.
lasted for several days until the state of emergency
was declared. Prime Minister Abhisit gave a
televised address, telling the people that the
declaration aims to restore peace and order in
power of the government was deemed necessary in assuaging
the protesters who were no longer peaceful in conducting
their protests. The state of emergency declaration gave
officials the authority to question, search, arrest and
detain suspicious individuals without a court order for
thirty (30) days.
It also restricted assemblies or gatherings that may
turn into violent demonstrations. That was the
fourth time that Bangkok together with neighboring
provinces was put in a state of emergency since
eight (8) months of rather peaceful life since the
state of emergency was imposed, the Thai government
decided it was time to lift the decree on the 22nd
of December 2010. But despite this decision, the
government did not relax its grip on the extra
powers that the state of emergency provided,
believing that it is still necessary to control the
anti-government parties. The government believes
that a strict security law, although less severe, is
Under the new Internal Security Act, which
replaced the decree, the Thai government maintains its power
to detain suspects without the need for a court order and
without charge but only for a week. Curfews and a few
restrictions are still enforced as well.