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Thailand Law



Thailand Law

The civil law represents the basics of the Thailand law, with influences from the common low. Thailand law has as sources: Thailand Constitution, statutes and acts, treaties, the opinions of the Supreme Court, the Royal Proclamation (the emergency Decree) and the subordinate legislation.

The Thai Constitution is the country’s supreme law, the actual constitution dating from 2007.

The four main codes are: the Penal Code, the Criminal Procedure Code, the Civil Procedure Code and the Civil and Commercial Code. Among the newest codes are the Revenue Code and the Land Code.


The subordinate legislation includes orders, the royal rules and decrees, notifications and regulations. The Supreme Court opinions are published by the Supreme Court of Justice. In the Criminal Code are enumerated the criminal offences, which can be punished with imprisonment.


Law in Thailand The narcotics are classified and defined in the Narcotics Act where the punishments for selling and consuming drugs are outlined. In the Chapter 12 are outlined the penalties for exporting, importing and producing narcotics. Among the penalties are the fines and life imprisonment and even death. According to the article 112 of the Criminal Code, anyone who insults, defames or worst, threatens the Queen, the King, the Regent or the Heir-apparent can spend between 3 and 15 years in prison. The Administrative Court handles the administrative law and the court’s jurisdiction includes the unlawful act by a State official or an administrative agency.

The Immigration Act outlines the immigration law and visa; the law is administrated by the Royal Thai Police’s Immigration Bureau and the decision of revoking or giving the permission to stay is taken by the Immigration Commission. The Civil and Commercial Code represents the private law’s most important reference. It has several books of which the first two were promulgated in 1925, on November 11. In the same code the Law of Obligations can be found.


The Contract Law’s main source is also the Civil and Commercial Code where specific contracts like bills, sale, insurance, mortgages and hire are also found here. The delict or the tort law is also found in the same Civil and Commercial Code as well as the corporate law and the property law. The Foreign Business Act regulates the foreign companies and the foreign ownership of the Thailand industries. The Land Code deals the Land Law; a system that consists of title deeds offering various rights of alienation, possession, use and ownership covers the Land in Thailand. The Law of the Intellectual Property protects the copyright, trademarks and patents. The DIP (Department of Intellectual Property)

Thailand Law


manages enforcement and registration, which are intellectual property matters. There is a registration system for patents and trademarks. There is no registration needed for the copyright which is protected for fifty years. The Intellectual Property and International Trade Court is the place where the disputes are heard. The Civil and Commercial Code is the family law’s principal source as well as of the succession law (sections 1599 to 1755).



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