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Thailand Language



Thailand Language

The Thailand language is the national and official language of Thailand and the motherly language of the Thai people, the dominant ethnic group from Thailand.


The Thai language is member of the Thai language from the Thai-Kadai family. It is supposed that this family has its origins in the South of China, and some linguists proposed connections with Australian-Asian or Sino - Tibetan languages families. It is a tonal and analytic language.


The combination of tones, a complex orthography, relational signs and a distinctive phonology can make from this language a difficult one to learn for the


speakers of totally different languages and with no connection with the Thai language. The standard Thai language, known as the central Thai or the Siamese, is the official language of Thailand, spoken by about 25 million people, including the Thai language speakers from Bangkok (this being considered a separate dialect). The Khorat Thai is spoken by almost 400.000 people in Nakhon Ratchasima; it has a linguistic position between the central Thai and Isan and can be considered a variant or dialect of any of these.


Thailand Language The standard language is composed of some distinct registers, distinct forms for diverse social contexts: the street Thai: informal, without polite terms and address, used between relatives and friends, the elegant Thai: the official and written version, includes respectful terms and addresses, used in a simplified form in newspapers, the rhetoric Thai used in the public speeches, the sacred Thai and the royal Thai. The less educated Thais can speak at the first level only. Few can speak the sacred and the royal forms. From the linguistic topology perspective, Thai can be considered an analytic language.

The order of the words is subject-verb-object and sometimes, the subject is omitted. Like in many Asian languages, the Thai pronominal system varies in concordance with the sex and the remove of the speaker with the audience. The substantives don’t agree and have no gender, don’t have plural forms or articles.


The plural is expressed by adding the multitude substantives or the rankers under the form of the substantive-number-ranker, for example: ‘professor five person’ for ‘five professors’. Excepting the composed words and the words with foreign origin, the majority of the words are monosyllabic.


From the historic point of view, the words, in most of the cases were imported from Sanskrit and Pali; the Buddhist terminology was a rich source of inspiration. From the beginning of the 20 the century, the English language had a great influence. In Thailand there are other few languages spoken, including: Shan, spoken by about 56.000 people

Language in Thailand


in the North-West of Thailand, Isan, the language of the Isan region of Thailand, considered by some people a dialect of the Lao language and is spoken by 15 million people. Tai Sarm, spoken by about 20.000 people in Isan and the Saraburi province, Phuan, spoken by an unknown number of people in the Thailand’s centre and Isan and the North Thai language, spoken by about 6 million people.



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