Thailand kings of the Suhkhothai period are:
Sri-inthrathit, Banmuang Ramkhamhaeng the Great
Lerthai, Nguanamthom Thammaracha I, Tammarach II,
Tammaracha III and Thamaracha IV.
Sri-inthrathit ruled between 1238 and 1270 C.E.
name comes from Sanskrit and means ‘the sun king
with the power of Indra’.
The people of his kingdom were impressed by his
bravery and skills and offered the king the Phra
ruang title (glorious prince).
Sri Inthrathit was
married with Queen Nang Suang and had three sons.
After the king died, his son Ban Mueang succeeded
Ram Khamhaeng ruled between 1279 and 1298, being also known
as Ram Khamhaeng the Great. He ruled in the most prosperous
period of the kingdom, being assumed that during his reign
the Thai alphabet was created.It also said that during his
reign, the Theravada Buddhism was established as the
kingdom’s state religion. Many of this information have the
source in some inscriptions on a stone that
now can be seen at the National Museum from Bangkok.
King Mongkut (a monk at that time) discovered the
stone in Wat Mahathat, in 1833. There were also questions about
the stone’s authenticity. One of the others Thailand
kings is Thammaracha I, or Lithai, who reigned from
1346 till 1374, the year of his death.
The son of Lerthai, Lithai is
recognized as the Traiphuum Phra Ruang’s writer
(Three worlds of Phra Runag) -
a religious text that describes the Buddhist
Cosmology’s various worlds as well as the way karma
sends the humans to a specific world.
The text would have a significant political role, being used
as answer to the changes that came in the international and
domestic political scene. The biggest image of Buddha was
also built by King Lithai, in the Siam’s North territory;
the image is called Phraputtachinnarat. The Thailand kings
from the Ayutthaya period are: RamathibodiI I, Ramesuan –
first ruling term, Borommaracha I, Thonglan, Ramesuan -
second ruling term, Ramracha, Intharacha, Borommaracha II,
Borommatrailokkanat, Borommaracha III, Ramathibodi,
Borommaracha IV, Ratchadathiratkuman, Chairacha, Kaeofa,
Mahachakkaphat, Mahinthrathirat, Mahathammaracha, Naresuan
the Great, Ekathotsarot, Sisaowaphak, Songtham,
Chetthathirat, Athittayawong, Prasatthong, Chaofa Yai,
Sisuthammaracha, Narai the Great,
Phetracha , Sanphet VIII,
Phumintharacha Thaisa, Borommakot, Uthumphon,
Ekkathat. The Thonburi period had only one king: Tak
Sin the Great. Thailand kings from the Rattanakosin
period are: Phraphutthayotfa Chulalok Rama I,
Phraphutthaloetla Naphalai Rama II, Phranangklao
Rama III, Phrachomklao Mongkut Rama IV,
Chulalongkorn the Great Rama V, Phramongkutklao
Vajiravudh Rama VI, Phrapokklao Prajadhipok Rama
VII, Ananda Mahidol Rama VIII, Bhumibol Adulyadej -
the Great Rama IX. Famous for his faith in Buddha,
king Nangklao used to feed the poor people everyday
after he became a prince. He also used to release
the animals in every monastery day.
During his reign, over 50
temples were built and also repaired, like the metal temple
from Wat Ratchanadda, the temple from Rajaorasa, in Chinese
Style, the Wat Pho Temple (or the Chetupol Temple), the
highest stupa from Wat Arun and the Golden Mountain from Wat