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Thailand Issues



Thailand Issues

One of the Thailand issues is the one regarding the country’s pollution.

As the result of the country’s economic development the environment suffered some changes.

Problems like the water pollution or the air pollution affected Thailand as well as the declining of the wildlife populations, the erosion of the soil, the deforestation, hazardous waste and water scarcity issues. The air pollution’s high levels were created by the industrial growth. In Bangkok the air pollution is caused by the factories and the vehicles. The air pollution’s sources are: open cooking, power plants- mostly by fossil fuels burning, forest fires, agricultural burning, vehicles (buses, diesel trucks and motorcycles),


garbage burning and the industry (about 70% of the Thailand’s industrial emissions are made by Bangkok and the Central Region in general).The ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution was ratified by Thailand in 2003, in order to reduce the forest fires’ haze but there are still problems in region. 


Issues Thailand

Standards and projects of reducing the air pollution have been developed by agencies like the Pollution Control Department.

These standards are focused on the public transportation improving, on asking the power plants and the factories to reduce their emissions and on the vehicle engine’s lower emission.

According to the standards, in the majority of the country’s areas the air pollutants are at acceptable levels.

There are monsoon in the South-West of Thailand, yearly, but despite them, the country has problems with the drought, especially in the North-East areas.


In 2002, in Thailand was less water for one person than in any other Asian country one 1/3 of it was not suitable for the people’s consumption.  


The water pollution is also one of the Thailand issues, especially in the Central Region, where the domestic and industrial wastewater have high levels. The domestic wastewater is the main polluter of the Thailand’s Gulf, as well as the waste from tourism and industry. At the mouths of the Pak Panang, Chao Phraya, Ranong, Tha Chin and Pattani rivers were found pollution levels. The coastal water has a quality of acceptable standards in most of the areas. The pollution of the water is a problem in many zones. Because of the industrial river pollution, thousands of fish died in the Nam Phong River, in 1997. More,

Thailand Issues

in the Nakhon Si Thammarat province big quantities of arsenic were discovered resulting from the area’s mining industry. The effects of the water pollution on health are diseases such as: diarrhoea, dysentery, hookworm infection, typhoid, trachoma and hepatitis. In 1999, there were 95.000 diarrhoea hospitalizations, 7.000 dysentery and 4.000 typhoid hospitalizations. Heavy metals and toxins in water have as result birth defects, liver cancer and skin diseases. High levels of lead were fond in Klity Creek, in the Kanchanaburi province, coming from a lead separation plant situated upstream. It seems that numerous cases of Down Syndrome was caused by the lead levels, especially at the children living in villages but it also caused some illness without identification at adults.



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