honey is given especially by the 4 native bees that
can ne found in this country: apis florae, apis
dorsata, apis andreniformis and apis cerana.
local markets the Thais can still find native honey.
To test the purity of the honey, the local sellers
check if the honey flares up; for that, they dip a
match inside the honey and strike the match.
are two types of Thailand honey: forest honey and
The most expansive is the apis
dorsata, which costs $1.8 per 720 ml. The apis
florae contains many pupae and larvae as well as
some adult bees added to obtain the honey and can be
seen on markets, every Sunday.
The most of the trades with honey is local and the forestry
departments control and organise the honey collection. The
forest honey can be considered as organic for the
international trade if it has a quality and a production
that can be competitive on market and can successfully
integrate the forest management and the beekeeping.
The mellifera bee was introduced in
Thailand in the 80s, today the Northern of the
country being the place where the apiculture has an
industry that grows fast.
A study made in Chiang
Mai, which is a large province in the Thailand’s
North showed that beekeeping costs about $409/hive.
China is the biggest honey producer but Vietnam and
Thailand already begun to be a strong concurrent.
Thailand can produce about 10.000 tonnes of honey
every year, 2.000 tonnes being exported.
health authorities from the United Kingdom, Canada
and the United States test with regularity the
Thailand honey as well as the honey coming from
Argentina, Vietnam, India,
China and Mexico; this is because in some honey coming from
China were found low levels of chloramphenicol, an
antibiotic, the FDA’s tolerance policy for such antibiotics
cultured Thailand honey is given by the Apis Cerana
and Apis Mellifera, two honey bee species who love
the sunflowers, the lychees, the sab-sue and the
longan. The Thailand government has an important
role in the honey industry, as well as the Ministry
of Agriculture and the NBACFS (the National Bureau
of Agricultural Commodity and Food Standards). There
are also organizations which take care of the honey
quality, trade, improvement and of the consumers’
protection. The Thai department of livestock has
numerous functions such as: accreditation body, the
management of the bee’s health,
evaluates the bee farms’ standard in association with the
Ministry of Agriculture, the evaluation of the chemical
residue before adding the shelves. The Thai honey must
respect the international standards of honey: the acidity,
the content of water insoluble solids, the diastase
activity, the proline content, the moisture content, the
confidence and credit in products, the ash (mineral)content,
the specific rotation, the imported honey bee products
quarantine system as well as the imported bee’s quarantine
system, the content of hydroxymethylfurfural, the lack of
knowledge regarding the beekeeping, pests and diseases.