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Thailand Geography



Thailand Geography

Thailand is placed on few geographic districts, mostly corresponding with the provincial groups.


The North of the country is mountainous with the higher point Doi Inthanon at 2.576 metres.


The North-East is made of the Khorat Plateau bordered at East by the Mekong River.

The centre of the country is dominated by the valley of the Chao Phraya River which flows into the Thailand’s Bay.

The South is made of the strait neck Kra which broadens in the Malay Peninsula.


Thailand is divided in 75 provinces, grouped in 5 groups of provinces and Bangkok as capital.


Each province is divided in small districts-there were 795 districts in 2000, 81 sub-districts and 50 districts of the Bangkok. Despite this, some parts of the neighbouring provinces of Bangkok are considered as part of the Big Bangkok.  These provinces include Samut Prakan, Nonthaburi, Samut Sakhon, Phatum Thani and NKHON Pathom.


Geography Thailand

 The name of each of the provinces’ capital is the same as the province’s name. Thailand has almost the same size with France, covering 510.000 square kilometres; its population is of 60 million with the 1.5% rate of growing per year.

The country’s neighbours are: Myanmar in North and West, Malaysia in South, Laos in North-East and Cambodia in East. Administratively talking, the Thailand geography divides the country is seven regions: the Central Plains, the East, the North, the West, the North-East and of course, the Bangkok Metropolitan Region. Each of these region has the own geographical features.


The centre has a very fertile fruit and rice growing zones and this is why it is called the ‘Thailand’s Rice Bowl’. It is also the Thai nation’s cultural and economic heartland. The largest area of the country is the North. The forests are worked by elephants and fruits like peaches and strawberries are cultivated here being favoured by the cool temperatures of the winter. The North-East is the poorest area of the country and the second largest. Is called Khorat Plateau or Isan and has as border the Mekong River.


The East is situated between the Damrek range and the sea, a place where resorts like Pattaya are helped by the pristine beaches to grow. The government undertook some development efforts in West but despite these efforts the valleys as well as the wonderful mountains remain unspoiled. The atmosphere of the towns is a frontier one, here. In South, the rubber cultivation, the tin mining and the fishing, which are vital activities for the country’s economy, combines with the beauty of the area. The Oriental part of the Kra Isthmus belongs to Thailand and the Occidental part to the Tanintharyi province of the Myanmar.

Thailand Geography

The isthmus is washed by the Thailand Bay’s waters, which belongs to the South China’s Sea and the occidental part of the Kra Isthmus is washed by the Andaman Sea. The tightest part, situated between the Kra River’s estuary and the Sawi Bay next to the Chumpon ciy, has a width of 44 kilometres. The isthmus has the Thai city Kra Buri’s name.



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