Thailand is placed on few geographic districts,
mostly corresponding with the provincial groups.
The North of the country is mountainous with the
higher point Doi Inthanon at 2.576 metres.
North-East is made of the Khorat Plateau bordered at
East by the Mekong River.
The centre of the country is dominated by the valley
of the Chao Phraya River which flows into the
The South is made of the strait neck Kra which broadens in the Malay Peninsula.
Thailand is divided in 75 provinces, grouped in 5
groups of provinces and Bangkok as capital.
Each province is divided in small
districts-there were 795 districts in 2000, 81 sub-districts
and 50 districts of the Bangkok. Despite this, some parts of
the neighbouring provinces of Bangkok are considered as part
of the Big Bangkok. These provinces include Samut Prakan, Nonthaburi,
Samut Sakhon, Phatum Thani and NKHON Pathom.
The name of each of the provinces’ capital is the
same as the province’s name. Thailand has almost the
same size with France, covering 510.000 square
kilometres; its population is of 60 million with the
1.5% rate of growing per year.
The country’s neighbours are: Myanmar in North and
West, Malaysia in South, Laos in North-East and
Cambodia in East. Administratively talking, the
Thailand geography divides the country is seven
regions: the Central Plains, the East, the North,
the West, the North-East and of course, the Bangkok
Metropolitan Region. Each of these region has the
own geographical features.
The centre has a very fertile fruit and rice growing zones
and this is why it is called the ‘Thailand’s Rice Bowl’.
It is also the Thai nation’s cultural and economic
heartland. The largest area of the country is the North. The
forests are worked by elephants and fruits like peaches and
strawberries are cultivated here being favoured by the cool
temperatures of the winter. The North-East is the poorest
area of the country and the second largest. Is called Khorat
Plateau or Isan and has as border the Mekong River.
The East is situated between the Damrek range and
the sea, a place where resorts like Pattaya are
helped by the pristine beaches to grow. The
government undertook some development efforts in
West but despite these efforts the valleys as well
as the wonderful mountains remain unspoiled. The
atmosphere of the towns is a frontier one, here. In
South, the rubber cultivation, the tin mining and
the fishing, which are vital activities for the
country’s economy, combines with the beauty of the
area. The Oriental part of the Kra Isthmus belongs
to Thailand and the Occidental part to the
Tanintharyi province of the Myanmar.
The isthmus is
washed by the Thailand Bay’s waters, which belongs to the
South China’s Sea and the occidental part of the Kra Isthmus
is washed by the Andaman Sea. The tightest part, situated
between the Kra River’s estuary and the Sawi Bay next to the
Chumpon ciy, has a width of 44 kilometres. The isthmus has
the Thai city Kra Buri’s name.