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Thailand Demographics



Thailand Demographics

The population of Thailand is dominated by the Thai ethnics and the Laotians, the last of them concentrated in the North-East region called Isan and representing about one third of the population.

According to the Thailand demographics there is also a big community of Chinese-Thai which played an important economic role in history.


Other ethnic groups are: Mala is South, Mon, Khmer and different hill tribes. Almost 95% of the Thais are Buddhists of Theravada tradition but in the South of the country are several Muslim areas and small Christian minorities, and there are also some Hindus groups.

The Thai language is the national language of Thailand,


written in the own alphabet but many ethnic and regional dialects are met in the areas with predominant Khmer or Lao population. The English language is studied in schools but the knowledge level is low. The indigene people that came in Burma from North have Tibetan, Burma, Khmer and Thai origin but there are also Indians,


Demographics in Thailand

Chinese and population from Bangladesh. 85% of the population is Buddhist with few Muslims, Christians, Hindus and Animists.


The main language, the Thai, belongs to the Indo-Chinese linguistic family but it was influenced by Pali and Sanskrit. 94% of the people are Buddhists, 4% Muslims and a small number of Christians.


The most of the people are in the rural area, with a bigger concentration in the North, North-East and Central Thailand since here are rice-growing areas.

The industrialisation of the country continues and so the urban population is growing.


The government of the country had a program of family planning which had a huge success and as result, the population growth’s decline from 3.1% to 0.4%. The Thailand demographics are influenced by the AIDS epidemic.


About 2% of men and 1.5% of women are AIDS or HIV positive, which represents more than 700.000 people. Around 45.000 people die in Thailand every year from this disease or related causes.


90% of them have between 20 and 24 years, the workforce’s youngest range.

In the ‘90s, due to a strong public education campaign, the number of the new infections with HIV was reduced to 25.000 yearly. The population of Thailand is about 66.000.000 people, according to the country’s Foreign Affairs Ministry.

The age structure is: people with ages between 0 and 14 years – 21.2% (6.781.543 females and 7.104.776 males), between 15 and 64 years- 70.3% (23.304. 793 females, 22.763.274 males), people of 65 years and over this age- 8.5% (3.022.281 females and 2.516.721 males). The population growth rate was estimated at 0.64% in 2008 and at 0.615% one year later.

Thailand Demographics

The birth rate was estimated at 13.57 births at 1.000 citizens in 2008 comparing with 10.85 at 1000 citizens in 2006. 7.14 deaths at 1.000 citizens was the death rate in 2008. In 2006 the infant mortality rate was of 18.23 deaths at 1.000 live births. Two years later, the life expectancy at birth was 72.83 for the total population, 70.51years for males and 75.27 years for females.



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