population of Thailand is dominated by the Thai
ethnics and the Laotians, the last of them
concentrated in the North-East region called Isan
and representing about one third of the population.
According to the Thailand demographics there is also
a big community of Chinese-Thai which played an
important economic role in history.
ethnic groups are: Mala is South, Mon, Khmer and
different hill tribes. Almost 95% of the Thais are
Buddhists of Theravada tradition but in the South of
the country are several Muslim areas and small
Christian minorities, and there are also some Hindus
language is the national language of Thailand,
in the own alphabet but many ethnic and regional
dialects are met in the areas with predominant Khmer
or Lao population. The
English language is studied in schools but the
knowledge level is low. The indigene
people that came in Burma from North have Tibetan, Burma,
Khmer and Thai origin but there are also Indians,
and population from Bangladesh. 85% of the
population is Buddhist with few Muslims, Christians,
Hindus and Animists.
language, the Thai, belongs to the Indo-Chinese
linguistic family but it was influenced by Pali and
Sanskrit. 94% of the people are Buddhists, 4%
Muslims and a small number of Christians.
of the people are in the rural area, with a bigger
concentration in the North, North-East and Central
Thailand since here are rice-growing areas.
industrialisation of the country continues and so
the urban population is growing.
government of the country had a program of family
planning which had a huge success and as result, the
population growth’s decline from 3.1% to 0.4%. The
Thailand demographics are influenced by the AIDS
About 2% of men
and 1.5% of women are AIDS or HIV positive, which represents
more than 700.000 people. Around 45.000 people die in
Thailand every year from this disease or related causes.
them have between 20 and 24 years, the workforce’s
‘90s, due to a strong public education campaign, the
number of the new infections with HIV was reduced to
25.000 yearly. The population of Thailand is about
66.000.000 people, according to the country’s
Foreign Affairs Ministry.
structure is: people with ages between 0 and 14
years – 21.2% (6.781.543 females and 7.104.776
males), between 15 and 64 years- 70.3% (23.304. 793
females, 22.763.274 males), people of 65 years and
over this age- 8.5% (3.022.281 females and 2.516.721
males). The population growth rate was estimated at
0.64% in 2008 and at 0.615% one year later.
The birth rate
was estimated at 13.57 births at 1.000 citizens in 2008
comparing with 10.85 at 1000 citizens in 2006. 7.14 deaths
at 1.000 citizens was the death rate in 2008. In 2006 the
infant mortality rate was of 18.23 deaths at 1.000 live
births. Two years later, the life expectancy at birth was
72.83 for the total population, 70.51years for males and
75.27 years for females.