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Thailand Democracy



Thailand Democracy

The post 1973 was marked by attempts of defining Thailand’s political contours. The General Prem Tinsulanonda was the one who won the struggle, favouring a constitutional monarchy order. Thailand democracy didn’t easily appear, after 1973 being a period of difficulties and transitional from military rule to the civilian rule, a transition that implied blood sometimes and with reversals also. The 1973 revolution brought a Thailand democracy’s unstable period and after the massacre from October 6, 1976 the military rule was imposed again.


The parliamentary politics was restored by Prem Tinsulanonda who ruled the most part of the ‘80s and was a strong supporter of the Thailand democracy.


Excepting the 1991-1992 period, with a military rule, the Thailand democracy was maintained. In 2001 the prime-minister Thaksin Shinawatra and the Thai Rak Thai party, a populist party.


Thailand Democracy

His social programs for the poor urban and rural and his popularity with the subalterns made the rule a success.


Still, his ruled was attacked by the elites who felt their power in danger and tried to find a reason for the Thaksin’s disposal.


A famous media tycoon, Sondhi Limthongkul became the biggest critic of Thaksin, in 2005. He made a plot against the prime-minister and also created spin and fiction to justify it.


Together with his alliances, Sondhi created PAD (the People’s Alliance for Democracy) an ironical name for an opposition mass movement of fascist facture.


The Thai Parliament was dissolved in 2006, on September 19 and after that, the provisional government of Thaksin took the power.


When he went to New York for the United Nation meeting, the Thailand democracy was put in danger by the military coup d’etat from September 2006. The action was done by Sonthi Boonyaratglin, the army commander in chief lieutenant general and his supporters from the Right Wing Democrat Party and the anti-Thaksin elements form the civil society. On December 23, 2007, the civilian government was restored by general election. The government’s leader was Samak Sundaravej, from the People’s Power Party, a man with many relations with the Thai Rak Thai.


Many protests against this government were led by the PAD (the People’s Alliance for Democracy), in 2008, the prime-minister Samak being criticized for his connections with the ex prime-minister Thaksin Shinawatra.

Some of the government ministries were illegally occupied by the protesters on August 26, 2008, the Government House being sacked, the protesters forcing the government to solve their requests. Their acts were seen as a great danger for the Thailand democracy and the things didn’t stop here.

Democracy in  Thailand

The rail and air infrastructure (the Suvarnabhumi Airport) was disrupted by the protesters on August 29 but there were no prosecutions for the protesters. December brought the end of the chaos, the Constitutional Court dissolving 3 of the parties forming the government for election fraud. This brought equilibrium to the Thailand democracy, numerous government partners joining the Democrat Party, the principal opposition party. They also refused elections for a new government.



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