The post 1973 was marked by
attempts of defining Thailand’s political contours.
The General Prem Tinsulanonda was the one who won
the struggle, favouring a constitutional monarchy
order. Thailand democracy didn’t easily
appear, after 1973 being a period of difficulties
and transitional from military rule to the civilian
rule, a transition that implied blood sometimes and
with reversals also. The 1973 revolution brought a
Thailand democracy’s unstable period and after the
massacre from October 6, 1976 the military rule was
The parliamentary politics was
restored by Prem Tinsulanonda who ruled the most
part of the ‘80s and was a strong supporter of the
Excepting the 1991-1992 period,
with a military rule, the Thailand democracy was
In 2001 the
prime-minister Thaksin Shinawatra and the Thai Rak Thai
party, a populist party.
social programs for the poor urban and rural and his
popularity with the subalterns made the rule a
his ruled was attacked by the elites who felt their
power in danger and tried to find a reason for the
media tycoon, Sondhi Limthongkul became the biggest
critic of Thaksin, in 2005. He made a plot against
the prime-minister and also created spin and fiction
to justify it.
with his alliances, Sondhi created PAD (the People’s
Alliance for Democracy) an ironical name for an
opposition mass movement of fascist facture.
Parliament was dissolved in 2006, on September 19
and after that, the provisional government of
Thaksin took the power.
When he went to New York for the United Nation meeting, the
Thailand democracy was put in danger by the military coup
d’etat from September 2006. The action was done by Sonthi
Boonyaratglin, the army commander in chief lieutenant
general and his supporters from the Right Wing Democrat
Party and the anti-Thaksin elements form the civil society.
On December 23, 2007, the civilian government was restored
by general election. The government’s leader was Samak
Sundaravej, from the People’s Power Party, a man with many
relations with the Thai Rak Thai.
Many protests against this government were led by the PAD
(the People’s Alliance for Democracy), in 2008, the
prime-minister Samak being criticized for his connections
with the ex prime-minister Thaksin Shinawatra.
Some of the
government ministries were illegally occupied by the
protesters on August 26, 2008, the Government House being
sacked, the protesters forcing the government to solve their
requests. Their acts were seen as a great danger for the
Thailand democracy and the things didn’t stop here.
The rail and air infrastructure (the
Suvarnabhumi Airport) was disrupted by the protesters on
August 29 but there were no prosecutions for the protesters.
brought the end of the chaos, the Constitutional Court
dissolving 3 of the parties forming the government for
election fraud. This brought equilibrium to the Thailand
democracy, numerous government partners joining the Democrat
Party, the principal opposition party. They also refused
elections for a new government.
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