and climatic condition allow Thailand crops to be
cultivated in a large range, crops that originate in
the temperate, tropical and semitropical zones.
Thailand crops that are grown we mention: cassava,
beans, maize, cotton, yams, sugarcane, potatoes as
well as different oilseeds.
crops knew a diversification since 1855, once with
the Bowring Treaty with Britain when the
agricultural production was highly influenced.
crops had an important production increase like the
bananas, the coconuts, the pineapples, the castor
beans,the sesame, the cashew nuts, the
soybeans, the kapok, the cotton and the peanuts. Of all
Thailand crops, the rice is the most important one; in the
‘80s three quarters of the farm households were growing
There were two principal types of
rice: the wet rice, in the irrigated fields from the
Thailand’s South and also in the central plain and the dry
rice, also called the upload rice, in the Thailand’s North
In 1986 the rice production was of 19
million tons and half of it was grown in the North’s
major valleys as well as in the central plains. In
1960 the rice production was with 40% smaller than
in the ‘80s (8.5 million hectares).
million hectares of rubber were produced by Thailand
in the ‘70s. There were 500.000 holdings in the
‘80s, of which 300.000 were under 10 hectares and
150.000 under 2.5 hectares. 830.000 tons of rubber
were produced in 1987, a significant increasing.
Among the Thailand crops is the maize, which is not
sure if it was introduced by the Portuguese or by
the Spanish traders, in the 16 th century.
If in 1961 the
production was of 600.000 tons, four years later it was of 1
million tons and in 1971 the production reached 2.3 million
Still, the record was in 1985, with 5 million tons.
Cassava is also one of the Thailand crops,
introduced in the country in 1935; its tubers can be
boiled and then eaten as any other vegetable.
In the past, it was not very popular because of the
rice’s abundance. But in the 1950s the cassava
production for export significantly increased and as
a result of the external demands, it continued to
increase in the ‘70s and the ‘80s. With a 19 million
tons cassava root production in 1984, Thailand
situated on the second place in the top of the
world’s cassava production, after Brazil. Sugar is
one of the Thailand crops that made from this
country an exporter since 1960. 26.1 million tons
were produced in 1976 while in 1986 the
sugarcane production was of 24 million tons. The pineapples
industry also grew in the ‘80s when Thailand was one of the
pineapple largest exporters in the world, with a 1.6 million
tons production in 1984. Coffee is also on the list of the
Thailand crops, it export and production expanding after the
country became an International Coffee Organization’s member
in 1981. The coffee beans exports reached even 20.600 tons.