Thailand Travel Information and Travel Guide Thailand









Thailand Crops



Thailand Crops

The soil and climatic condition allow Thailand crops to be cultivated in a large range, crops that originate in the temperate, tropical and semitropical zones.

Among the Thailand crops that are grown we mention: cassava, beans, maize, cotton, yams, sugarcane, potatoes as well as different oilseeds.

Thailand crops knew a diversification since 1855, once with the Bowring Treaty with Britain when the agricultural production was highly influenced.

Some crops had an important production increase like the bananas, the coconuts, the pineapples, the castor beans,the sesame, the cashew nuts, the soybeans, the kapok, the cotton and the peanuts. Of all Thailand crops, the rice is the most important one; in the ‘80s three quarters of the farm households were growing rice.


 There were two principal types of rice: the wet rice, in the irrigated fields from the Thailand’s South and also in the central plain and the dry rice, also called the upload rice, in the Thailand’s North and North-East.


Thailand Crops

In 1986 the rice production was of 19 million tons and half of it was grown in the North’s major valleys as well as in the central plains. In 1960 the rice production was with 40% smaller than in the ‘80s (8.5 million hectares).

Around 1.6 million hectares of rubber were produced by Thailand in the ‘70s. There were 500.000 holdings in the ‘80s, of which 300.000 were under 10 hectares and 150.000 under 2.5 hectares. 830.000 tons of rubber were produced in 1987, a significant increasing. Among the Thailand crops is the maize, which is not sure if it was introduced by the Portuguese or by the Spanish traders, in the 16 th century.


If in 1961 the production was of 600.000 tons, four years later it was of 1 million tons and in 1971 the production reached 2.3 million tons.


Still, the record was in 1985, with 5 million tons. Cassava is also one of the Thailand crops, introduced in the country in 1935; its tubers can be boiled and then eaten as any other vegetable.

In the past, it was not very popular because of the rice’s abundance. But in the 1950s the cassava production for export significantly increased and as a result of the external demands, it continued to increase in the ‘70s and the ‘80s. With a 19 million tons cassava root production in 1984, Thailand situated on the second place in the top of the world’s cassava production, after Brazil. Sugar is one of the Thailand crops that made from this country an exporter since 1960. 26.1 million tons 

Crops Thailand


were produced in 1976 while in 1986 the sugarcane production was of 24 million tons. The pineapples industry also grew in the ‘80s when Thailand was one of the pineapple largest exporters in the world, with a 1.6 million tons production in 1984. Coffee is also on the list of the Thailand crops, it export and production expanding after the country became an International Coffee Organization’s member in 1981. The coffee beans exports reached even 20.600 tons.



Copyrights for all pictures on this site, it is and remains the property of

   2006 - 2011