has many ethnic groups that influenced the Thailand
clothing by the various silk and cotton textiles
textiles of each ethnic group is woven in different
patterns for domestic, ceremonial and clothing
purposes, in this way the textiles becoming identity
Thailand’s lowland areas are minority groups and
linguistic groups such as Malay, Kui and Khmer that
use the silk and the cotton fibers to make their own
groups distinguish one of the other through the
textile’s fiber, technique and color.
this, the textile’s structure is about the same in
the entire country.
women of the ethnic groups from the country’s lowland wear a
traditional skirt, a lower garment called the pha sin (a tube skirt). It has 3
sections: the top or the head called hua sin, the midsection
or the body, called tua sin and the border or the foot,
called tin sin.
sections can be made from more pieces sewn together
or can be in a single piece with patterns that
differentiate the sections. The woven cotton of
different colors is used to make the hua sin.
North of Thailand and in the central Thailand are
two ethnic groups, Tai Lue and Lao Song Dam that use
the indigo cotton for hua sin.
Yuan from the Thailand’s North use the white cotton
with some red cotton strips for the top. All the 3
section of the skirt are made from one material
piece by Khmer and Tai Lao, the differences of the
top section being made by the motifs’ absence.
women from the Cambodia and from the central
Thailand used to wear the chong kraben, a lower
garment. This skirt is made from various textiles
like the Indian chintz, gold and silver brocades,
the weft ikat silk and the Cambodian or the Chinese
20 th century’s beginning, the majority of the women didn’t
use the upper garment; they used to wrap the pha sabai, a
rectangular cloth, around their breasts whet they attended
to ceremonial or religious functions.
men don’t wear the traditional clothing as much as
the women do. Their traditional clothing doesn’t
vary too much from one ethnic group to other. The
men wore chong kraben as loincloth, with its short
version exposing the thighs of the man. It was made
of plaid or plain cotton.
The chong kraben of silk
was reserved by men for the special occasions such
as the wedding or the ceremonies of the Buddhist
monkhood. The men living in the Thailand’s South
used to wear a lower garment made of checked or
plaid cotton. At the special occasion the men put a
cloth on their shoulders. The pha khao or the plaid
cotton was used by men as scarf, sash, cloth, head
cloth, belt or bag and towel.
A shoulder bag
used to be carried by both women and men and the women could
express their affection for men offering them a bag.