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Thailand Clothing



Thailand Clothing

Thailand has many ethnic groups that influenced the Thailand clothing by the various silk and cotton textiles array produced.

The textiles of each ethnic group is woven in different patterns for domestic, ceremonial and clothing purposes, in this way the textiles becoming identity marks.

In the Thailand’s lowland areas are minority groups and linguistic groups such as Malay, Kui and Khmer that use the silk and the cotton fibers to make their own textiles.

The groups distinguish one of the other through the textile’s fiber, technique and color.


Despite this, the textile’s structure is about the same in the entire country.


The women of the ethnic groups from the country’s lowland wear a traditional skirt, a lower garment called the pha sin (a tube skirt). It has 3 sections: the top or the head called hua sin, the midsection or the body, called tua sin and the border or the foot, called tin sin.


Thailand Clothing

The sections can be made from more pieces sewn together or can be in a single piece with patterns that differentiate the sections. The woven cotton of different colors is used to make the hua sin.


In the North of Thailand and in the central Thailand are two ethnic groups, Tai Lue and Lao Song Dam that use the indigo cotton for hua sin.


The Tai Yuan from the Thailand’s North use the white cotton with some red cotton strips for the top. All the 3 section of the skirt are made from one material piece by Khmer and Tai Lao, the differences of the top section being made by the motifs’ absence.

The women from the Cambodia and from the central Thailand used to wear the chong kraben, a lower garment. This skirt is made from various textiles like the Indian chintz, gold and silver brocades, the weft ikat silk and the Cambodian or the Chinese silk.


Until the  20 th century’s beginning, the majority of the women didn’t use the upper garment; they used to wrap the pha sabai, a rectangular cloth, around their breasts whet they attended to ceremonial or religious functions.


The Thai men don’t wear the traditional clothing as much as the women do. Their traditional clothing doesn’t vary too much from one ethnic group to other. The men wore chong kraben as loincloth, with its short version exposing the thighs of the man. It was made of plaid or plain cotton.


The chong kraben of silk was reserved by men for the special occasions such as the wedding or the ceremonies of the Buddhist monkhood. The men living in the Thailand’s South used to wear a lower garment made of checked or plaid cotton. At the special occasion the men put a cloth on their shoulders. The pha khao or the plaid cotton was used by men as scarf, sash, cloth, head cloth, belt or bag and towel.

Clothing in Thailand

A shoulder bag used to be carried by both women and men and the women could express their affection for men offering them a bag.



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