is the capital of the Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
Province from Thailand.
Ayutthaya was the capital of
the Thai tribes’ state for 400 years.
Ayutthaya city is situated at 85 kilometres to
is in ruins Ayutthaya is unanimously considered one
of the most remarkable and biggest old cities from
the U Thong Prince put the basics of the kingdom’s
future capital, which included almost the entire
territory of the contemporary Thailand and a big
part of the today Cambodia.
remained for 400 years the residence of the 33 descendants,
becoming a prosperous commercial and cultural centre. There
were already 1million people in Ayutthaya in 1605 and the
city was dominated by 2.000 defence towers, united between
them. Ayutthaya is undoubtedly among the most influential
centres of the Orient.
Burmese tried in vain to conquer the city; after
centuries, they did it, in 1767. The Burmese didn’t
have mercy with any of the temples, destroying the
royal palace and decapitating the thousands of
statues representing Buddha, guided by the faith -
generalised at that time - that his spirit was
living in sculptures. Running from slavery and
death, the population left the capital. Although the
Burmese were defeated in short time, it was clear
that the city can not be saved. Ayutthaya
remained a big complex of temples ruins and old
palaces. The Pridi-Damrong Bridge opens the way to
the historical part of the city.
From the old
defence walls remained only the fragments situated close to
the Phom Phet fort. The Wan Suwan Dararam
Temple was built around 1700, then extended and
adorned during the Chakri dynasty.
The ordinations room called bot is very impressive, imagined
as a ship that brings the Buddhists to salvation. This
temple is the only one dwelled by monks. In the Chao Sam
Phraya Museum, the old gone glory era is evoked by the
numerous exhibits representing the Ayutthaya, Lop Buri,
Sukhothai, U Thong and Dvaravati styles. In this museum you
can admire stone and bronze sculptures, terracotta statues,
golden jewellery with precious stones, ceramics objects and
objects worked with the chisel.
The museum’s construction, open
in 1961 was financed by selling 100.000 votive
tablets found in the Wat Ratchaburanan Temple’s
prang (the edifice where the relics are kept). Its
crypts are adorned with mural paintings of some
Chinese painters, combining the qualities of the
Burmese and Khmer styles. The most beautiful and
famous temple from Ayutthaya is Wat Phra Si San Phet.
It has three big stupas (chedi) and many other small
one, being respectfully called, the Royal Temple. In
the middle of the religious complex was, in the
past, a Buddha statue, tall of 16 metres and
plating. The Rama I King, who became king in 1782,
transported the rests of this work of
art, destroyed by Burmese at Bangkok. Inside the Royal
palaces’ complex the statue’s pedestal is the only remained.
The Wang Luang Palace was built from the U Thong King’s
order, in 1350.