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Thailand Art



Thailand Art

The Buddhist art represents the bases of the Thailand art, especially of the traditional art. The images representing Buddha dominate the Thai sculpture. Traditional paintings are made from painted ornamentations of temples and palaces as well as from book illustrations. The subjects are represented without perspective and in 2 dimensions when it comes to the traditional paintings.

The importance’s degree of the elements in a picture is reflected by its size. The main composition technique is to apportion the areas: the space transformers are the ones who isolate the principal elements from each other. The perspective came as a result of the influence from West, during the middle of the 19 the century.


This perspective is not so much implied as the space transformers eliminate the intermediate ground. The heavens and the hells in Buddhism, the Jataka stories, the scenes of the everyday life and the episodes from Buddha’s life used to be and still are the narrative subjects that can be met most frequently in the Thai paintings. 14 th century is the period when the Sukhothai period started, in the homonym kingdom. In the images of Buddha from this period the bodies are slender and sinuous and the faces are oval.


Thailand Art

The style emphasises the Buddha’s spiritual aspects while the little anatomical details are omitted. The usual practice that casts the images in metal instead of carving them can be met in this period when the ‘walking Buddha’ pose was also introduced.


In the old Pali texts the Buddha’s defining marks are set out and the artists of the Sukhothai period tried to respect them.

The skins is very smooth, the head is like an egg, the nose looking like a beak of a parrot, the thighs looking like the banyan tree, the hair looking like the scorpion stingers.


The eyelashes look like the ones of the cow, the arms are round like the trunk of an elephant and long till knees.


The earlobes are lengthened by royalty’s earrings, chin looking like a mango stone, the hands looking like some lotuses on the point of blooming and the shoulders being huge like the head of an elephant.


During this period, the glazed ceramics was made in a big quantity, being traded in the South-East of Asia.


The art that survived from the Ayutthaya period is made in stone with Buddha’s figures in juxtaposed rows as characteristics. The middle period was dominated by the Sukhothai influence, with big brick or bronze images of Buddha.

 In the lacquer background are gold leaves of different forms as decorations. In the late period, the images of Buddha are in royal attire as a proof of the period’s elaboration. There is no important innovation in the Bangkok period;

the Ayutthaya style knows a further development. The Organization of the Ten Crafts (Krom Chang Sip Mu) is the major element, founded in the Ayutthaya period also.

Art in Thailand 

This element is the one responsible for the skills’ improvement of the Thai craftsmen.



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