Thailand agriculture is the sector which the country
relies on despite the fact that in the recent years
the export prices knew a declining.
is the most important crop grown; from the 50.4
million acres of Thai farm land, around 25 million
are cultivated with rice.
biggest exporter of rice is the Land of Smiles; in
2002 the production of rice was of about 17.5
higher-yielding species of rice as well as
irrigations projects on a large scale were
introduced by the Thai government in order to
increase the production.
Thailand agriculture had a trade surplus of about
$4.5 billion, in 2001, situating this country on the
10 place in the world.
important export is the rubber; in 1999, the
production was of about 2.199.000 tonnes, the
world’s highest rubber production, which is very
important especially since the demands for the
natural rubber grew as well as the international
worries regarding AIDS. The production
of sugarcane grew to 52.9 million tonnes while the tapioca
output reached 16.5 million tonnes. Tapioca is important in
Thailand by tradition, the country providing around 95% of
the tapioca exports of the world. The most of the harvest is
transformed into pellets and chips and sent to the European
Union’s countries for fodder.
high EU prices made Thailand to promote fruits,
cashew farming, dairy and rubber instead. The corn
production has also an important increasing,
reaching 4.6 million tonnes. 1/3 of the corn
production is used as fodder, every year; what
remains is exported to Japan and Europe.
the cotton, the tobacco and the kenaf are cultivate
especially for the domestic use while important
quantities of cocoa, jute, medical plants, soybeans
and peanuts are exported.
fresh flowers like the orchids and the canned
pineapple are important products for export.
government of Thailand has a policy of encouraging
the mountain villagers to give up cultivating
marijuana and opium and start cultivating apples,
coffee, kidney beans and strawberries. There are
also projects of slash and burn cultivation with the
goal of discouraging the deforestation.
Award for International Understanding was offered to the
king Bhumibol Adulyedej, in 1987, to reward the 20 years of
constant efforts in this filed.
between the incomes of the farm and the nonfarm led to the
farmers’ discontent, in the ‘70s. In 1975 the Marketing
Organization for Farmers was founded by govern and allows
the farmers to buy equipment, machinery and fertilizers at
very low prices.
coming from the export taxes in agriculture are channelled
in the Farmers Assistance Fund, a welfare fund created at
the government’s decision. Almost 50% of the strong
work-force of Thailand is employed in agriculture. 57% of
the Thailand’s work force was made from farmers, in 1993,
without taking into consideration the people that are
implied in the agribusiness industry in an indirect way.
According to the
economists, the people who will loose their jobs because of
the crisis will work in agriculture.