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Thailand Agriculture

 

 

Thailand Agriculture

The Thailand agriculture is the sector which the country relies on despite the fact that in the recent years the export prices knew a declining.

The rice is the most important crop grown; from the 50.4 million acres of Thai farm land, around 25 million are cultivated with rice.

The biggest exporter of rice is the Land of Smiles; in 2002 the production of rice was of about 17.5 million tonnes.

The higher-yielding species of rice as well as irrigations projects on a large scale were introduced by the Thai government in order to increase the production.

The Thailand agriculture had a trade surplus of about $4.5 billion, in 2001, situating this country on the 10 place in the world.

 

Another important export is the rubber; in 1999, the production was of about 2.199.000 tonnes, the world’s highest rubber production, which is very important especially since the demands for the natural rubber grew as well as the international worries regarding AIDS. The production of sugarcane grew to 52.9 million tonnes while the tapioca output reached 16.5 million tonnes. Tapioca is important in Thailand by tradition, the country providing around 95% of the tapioca exports of the world. The most of the harvest is transformed into pellets and chips and sent to the European Union’s countries for fodder.

 

Thailand Agriculture

But the high EU prices made Thailand to promote fruits, cashew farming, dairy and rubber instead. The corn production has also an important increasing, reaching 4.6 million tonnes. 1/3 of the corn production is used as fodder, every year; what remains is exported to Japan and Europe.

 

The kapok, the cotton, the tobacco and the kenaf are cultivate especially for the domestic use while important quantities of cocoa, jute, medical plants, soybeans and peanuts are exported.

 

The fresh flowers like the orchids and the canned pineapple are important products for export.

 

The government of Thailand has a policy of encouraging the mountain villagers to give up cultivating marijuana and opium and start cultivating apples, coffee, kidney beans and strawberries. There are also projects of slash and burn cultivation with the goal of discouraging the deforestation.

 

The Magsaysay Award for International Understanding was offered to the king Bhumibol Adulyedej, in 1987, to reward the 20 years of constant efforts in this filed.

 

The differences between the incomes of the farm and the nonfarm led to the farmers’ discontent, in the ‘70s. In 1975 the Marketing Organization for Farmers was founded by govern and allows the farmers to buy equipment, machinery and fertilizers at very low prices.

The revenues coming from the export taxes in agriculture are channelled in the Farmers Assistance Fund, a welfare fund created at the government’s decision. Almost 50% of the strong work-force of Thailand is employed in agriculture. 57% of the Thailand’s work force was made from farmers, in 1993, without taking into consideration the people that are implied in the agribusiness industry in an indirect way.

Agriculture in Thailand
 

According to the economists, the people who will loose their jobs because of the crisis will work in agriculture.

 
 

  

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